David NGIRA & John HARRINGTON. Mambo! Vol. XVIII (5), 2021. The politics of access to vaccines against COVID-19 has been discussed in terms of vaccine nationalism and imperialism. However, the implication of the pandemic on the ability of African states to act internally and externally to protect the health of their citizens has been obscured. Here, we share research findings which address that question with a particular focus on Kenya.
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Teddy DELAUNAY. Mambol Vol. XVIII (4), 2021. On-demand Ride-Hailing services (RHs) now play an increasing role within many cities around the world. RHs might increase traffic congestion, vehicle ownership and access inequalities. RHs pose significant challenges for policymakers, and addressing these issues requires detailed information about RHs use. This paper provides insights into who the users of RHs are, and their motivations for using RHs.
“Tunataka Nchi Yetu” (We Want Our Country): Campaign Rallies, Music and Songs as Stages for Performing Zanzibari Nationalism
Nicodemus MINDE. Mambo! Vol. XVIII (3), 2021. This essay aims to show how Zanzibari nationalism was expressed through music performances during the 2020 campaign rallies. It does so by sampling one famous song within the opposition, Tunataka Nchi Yetu (We want our country), which was played in all the three major opposition rallies I observed in Zanzibar.
Antonin GASQUET. Mambo! Vol. XVIII (2), 2021. In the face of the COVID-19 pandemic, the Kenyan government developed a national narrative aimed to empower its population and give it the responsibilities the public authorities could not fully handle. Being a Kenyan, officials said, was about being resilient and innovative. This ideal-type of the resilient and responsible Kenyan was story-told broadly through an assertive media strategy that President Uhuru Kenyatta and other influential political figures put forward.
Sara van der HOEVEN. Mambo! Vol. XVIII (1), 2021. By mapping the circulation of firearms in northern Kenya, this paper aims to show the different ways armed conservation practices are more than a means to protect wildlife. Conservation is a means to achieve “peace and security,” too. Rangers fill the law enforcement vacuum that the government leaves open. Even though guns are but one element in conservation politics, following their circulation allows me to bring these different places and times into one analytical lens.
Engager les hommes dans la lutte contre les violences basées sur le genre : stratégies discursives des ONG de l’espace social du genre au Rwanda
Zélie JOBERT. Mambo! Vol. XVII (7), 2020. Cet article s’appuie sur une enquête de terrain auprès de six ONG qui luttent contre les inégalités de genre au Rwanda. La participation masculine au sein de l’« espace social du genre », au Rwanda comme ailleurs, pose la question du « paradoxe à surmonter » : les hommes ne tirent aucun bénéfice à s’engager dans une mobilisation féministe, et ont même à perdre puisqu’il s’agit de remettre en question leur position privilégiée au sein du système patriarcal. Il s’agit de mettre en lumière les conditions de possibilité de l’adhésion masculine à un groupe, la participation à ses activités et à ses pratiques visant à la subversion des normes de genre.
Patrick MUTAHI & Kate Jane WANJIRU. Mambo! Vol. XVII (6), 2020. This paper analyses how state responses to the COVID-19 pandemic shaped security and policing of residents living in Mathare informal settlements. Relatedly, it focuses on how these residents, facing a repressive police force, mobilised and coordinated responses that protected lives and livelihoods.
Marie-Aude FOUÉRÉ. Mambo! Vol. XVII (5), 2020. Depuis le retour du multipartisme en 1992, aucune élection générale à Zanzibar n’avait connu un tel niveau d’intimidation brutale des électeurs par les forces de l’ordre, de violence physique envers l’opposition et de fraude flagrante que celles qui viennent de se tenir au mois d’octobre 2020. Cet essai vise à expliquer les raisons de cette répression généralisée au regard de la place de Zanzibar au sein de la Tanzanie, des revendications de l’opposition et de la nature du régime tanzanien.
Fathima AZMIYA BADURDEEN. Mambo! Vol. XVII (4), 2020. Based on a qualitative methodology, this sociopolitical analysis looks into how national and county decision-making unfolded in Mombasa County, Kenya, during the COVID-19 epidemic. The article discusses the evidence-based decision-making and leadership on COVID-19 mitigating responses within a reactive, proactive and populist approach.
Antoine KAUFFER. Mambo! vol. XVII (3), 2020. By focusing on the Kenyan case studies of a news platform, The Elephant, and a blog, Bikozulu, this article studies the way in which information is treated or produced in the context of a public health crisis, in this instance the Covid-19 pandemic. It aims to address the notion of alternative media, creativity and online audience, and more broadly access to different types of information in the contemporary period.
Vincent SIMA OLE. Mambo! vol. XVII (2), 2020. In Ngara, a busy area of Nairobi, the urban landscape is being dramatically transformed by the Kenyan state program to modernize Nairobi. This article explores the perception street vendors have of these changes and how they try to bypass or contest them. The analysis entails revisiting Kenya’s state governmentality at work in its local and daily making.
Dennis Ochieng OTIENO, Reuben M. MATHEKA & Dorothy NYAKWAKA, Mambo! vol. XVII (1), 2020. This article is about the rise and fall of Pan African Paper Mills, the paper factory that was central to the rapid development of Webuye town in the 1970s as well as to its decline in the 2010s. The development of Webuye was so rapid that it could not be compared to any other small towns in Western Kenya.
Aline C. RABELO. Mambo! vol. XVI (12), 2019. After several years in the Tanzanian courts, without any favourable resolutions, four pastoralist Maasai villages from Loliondo area decided to file a case against the government at the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) in 2017, now motivated by new evictions that happened that year. Filing a lawsuit collectively in this judicial level is unprecedented in the history of the Tanzanian pastoralist and hunter-gatherer peoples.
Marie-Aude FOUÉRÉ, Mambo! Vol. XVI (11), 2019. In Tanzania, since 1999, every 14th of October—Nyerere Day’s statutory holiday—celebrates Julius Nyerere, the Father of the Nation. But 2019 associates a round number, 20 years, with a re-election stake for Tanzania’s current president, John Magufuli.
Marie-Aude FOUÉRÉ. Mambo! Vol. XVI (11), 2019. En Tanzanie, depuis 1999, chaque 14 octobre (jour férié de Nyerere Day) est l’occasion de célébrer Julius Nyerere, le père de la nation. Mais 2019 a la particularité d’associer un chiffre rond, vingt ans, à un enjeu de réélection pour le président actuel, John Magufuli.
Florence WENZEK. Mambo! Vol. XVI (10), 2019. This paper focuses on micropolitics involved in the opening of a government girls’ school in Tanga, on the coast of Tanganyika, in the early 1930s. Through a study of elites’ involvement in the opening of the school, this paper deconstructs the colonial discourse concerning African and Muslim’s rejection of girls’ schooling.